Ever since the advent of industrial revolution 18th century onwards the number and type of industries have been increasing every year along with the rate at which the numbers of industries are being added. And almost all of them operates using non-renewable sources of energy such as timber, coal and fossil fuels like diesel, gas, etc.
Steam boiler is a machine used in various industries viz textile, sugar, cement, etc. It is used as heating systems, cement production, in agriculture for soil steam sterilization, run turbines, locomotives and steam engines. It produces steam by heating water through heat energy produced by burning the same non-renewable resources as stated before i.e. wood, coal and fossil fuels.
In India steam boilers need to be manufactured in accordance with Indian Boiler Regulations Act (IBR), 1950. Boilers passed by Indian boiler authorities are known as IBR steam boilers. IBR steam boilers are boilers which have vessels with capacity of more than twenty-five litres and gauge pressure above one kilogram per centimetre square.
With increasing concern over global warming, greenhouse effects and rising fuel costs industries using IBR steam boiler have a social responsibility to keep a check on the pollution its causes, fuel usage and carbon footprint. They must try to avoid energy losses wherever possible. This can be done using Boiler monitoring system.
Boiler monitoring system is used to detect energy losses. It measures the flue gas and flue gas temperature in order to calculate fuel efficiency. It can also measure heat flow through heat flow meters. Thus, the end user can view the energy being supplied by each boiler.